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Commercial Pilot License CPL

Everyday English Commercial Pilot License CPL   CPL in aviation is a certification that allows individuals to fly aircraft for compensation or hire.   With a CPL, pilots can operate as paid professionals, such as airline pilots, charter pilots, or flight instructors.   To obtain a CPL, pilots must meet rigorous training requirements, including a minimum number of flight …

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A Private Pilot License PPL

Everyday English A Private Pilot License PPL   PPL in aviation is a certification that allows individuals to fly aircraft for personal or recreational purposes.   Holders of a PPL can pilot single-engine-piston aircraft under VFR without compensation. Later, they can obtain additional qualifications, ratings, classes, or type ratings.   None of these personal flights are for …

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DETRESFA

Everyday English DETRESFA Distress Phase   DETRESFA is the highest alert phase and is declared when there is confirmation of an aircraft’s distress, such as a crash or emergency situation.   During DETRESFA, SAR teams mobilize all available resources for rescue and recovery efforts to assist the aircraft and its occupants.   Distress phase is activated in …

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ALERFA

Everyday English ALERFA – Alert Phase   ALERFA is the second phase of Search and Rescue system, activated when there is strong reason to believe that an aircraft is in distress or overdue.   During ALERFA, SAR operations are formally initiated, involving search efforts to locate the aircraft and its occupants.   Alert phase is …

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INCERFA

Everyday English INCERFA Uncertainty Phase   INCERFA is the initial phase of SAR operations, triggered when there is uncertainty about the safety or whereabouts of an aircraft.   During INCERFA, authorities begin gathering information and initiating preliminary actions to determine if there is a potential emergency.   If no communication is received from an aircraft within …

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The Search and Rescue system

Everyday English The Search and Rescue system   SAR in aviation is a coordinated effort involving various agencies to locate and rescue distressed aircraft and personnel.   It utilizes tools such as radar, satellite imagery, and specialized aircraft to conduct search operations in designated areas based on relevant information.   Efficient communication and coordination among SAR …

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Flight plan (FPL)

Everyday English Flight plan (FPL)   A flight plan in aviation is a detailed document outlining the intended route, schedule and other essential information for a particular flight.   There are three methods available for submitting a flight plan:   The first option is to utilize an IBS. Alternatively, pilots can opt for the traditional method of completing …

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